Tuber Rot of Potato – Instant Info | Agristudent.com

Tuber rot of Potato is an important Post harvest disease of Potato

Potato tuber rot

Causal organism

Fungus called Sclerotium rolfsii is the causal organism of  Potato Tuber rot

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Symptoms of Tuber Rot

Wilting is the initial symptom.

Yellowish brown coloured Sclerotia appeared on the infected tuber.

Rotting of the tuber.

Milky white and floccose appearance of the tuber.

Characterisitcs of fungus causing tuber rot

The mycelium is silky white and floccose.

It is comprised of septate and branched hyphae.

The branching take place just below the septum. The cells are large in size.

Sclerotia of the fungus are white to begin with and become clove brown at maturity.

They are globose and smooth surfaced.

Favorable condition for development of tuber rot in Potato

Optimum temperature 30-35ºC.

Alternate period of wet and dry soil condition.

Mode of spread and survival

The mycelium and sclerotia of the organisam subsist in the soil and are responsible for the infection of the crop.

The pathogen is disseminated with infected soil, in running water and on farm implements.

Mycelium and sclerotia may also be carried to soil with the seed tubers.

In dry soil scleritia can remain viable for more than two years.

What are the control measures for Potato tuber rot?

Treating seeds with mercury compounds after harvest reduces tuber rot.

Treating the furrows at planting with PCNB @ 15kg/ ha reduces the disease icidence.Cultural practices like heavy earthing and irrigation at regular intervals can also check the disease.

The disease is low in the variety Kufri Sindhuri.

Among the Indian commercial cultivars, Kufri Bahar, Kufri Chamatkar, Kufri Jyothi, Kufri muthu and Kufri swarna are resistant.

The disease can be controlled to a certain extent by growing non susceptible crops like corn and sorghum.

Further readings and references

Vikaspedia.com

PLant Patholgy by G N Agrios

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