Soil Health Card | Agristudent.com

Introduction

Soil health card

Soil Health Card beneficial or not?

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Soil groups of India

Soil classification 

According to a recent study conducted by a reputed institute of GoI related to Agricultural studies, the Farmers planting cotton, paddy and soyabean have managed to lower costs by 4-10% and have also cut down on reliance on fertilisers

The Net farmer incomes grew between 30% and 40% as a result

Results of the study which was carried out on sample bsis stated that the yields of crops increased by 7%, while costs were down by 5.1%.

Overall, paddy farmers reduced urea use by about 21%, DAP by about 22% and potassium by 24%

Paddy yields went up by 5%

For soyabean farmers, there was no decrease in fertiliser consumption, but yields went up by 6%, while cost fell by 3%

Background

India heavily subsidises fertilisers, a policy initiated in the 1960s to kickstart the Green Revolution Cheap availability has resulted in rampant use, particularly of urea, degrading soils to such an extent that yields have actually started to fall The current consumption of NPK ratio in India is 6.7:2.4:1, which is high in comparison to an ideal ratio of 4:2:1 especially for N i.e. nitrogen

The Indian prime minister had set a target of reducing by half India’s annual urea consumption by 2022 through the soil health card programme, a high priority scheme of GoI which aims to replenish seriously degraded soils due to over-fertilised agriculture

The government has distributed 100 million soil health cards since inception of the Soil health card drive since 2015

What is a Soil Health Card?

Soil health card

SHC is a printed report that a farmer will be handed over for each of his holdings It will contain the status of his soil with respect to 12 parameters, namely

Macronutirents – Nitrogen (N),Phosphorus (P) and (K)

Secondory Nutrients Sulphur (S)

Micro nutirients – Zinc – Zn, Iron – Fe, copper – Cu, Manganese – Mn, Boron – Bo

and physical parameters like –  pH, EC etc

Based on this, the SHC i.e. Soil health card indicates fertilizer recommendations and soil amendment required for the farm.

How can a farmer use a SHC?

The card contains an advisory based on the soil nutrient status of a farmer’s holding It will show recommendations on dosage of different nutrients needed

Further, it advises the farmer on the fertilizers and their quantities he should apply, and also the soil amendments that he should undertake, so as to realize optimal yields

To test soil, the country’s cropped area is divided into grids of 10 hectares (ha) for rain-dependent farms and 2.5 ha for irrigated land

One soil sample from each grid is taken and test results are distributed to farmers whose lands fall under the grid

The grid system will enable coverage of the country’s 141 million hectares of net-sown area

Benefits of the Soil Health Card Scheme 

The scheme monitors the soil of the farmers well and will give them a formatted report

So, they can decide well which crops they should cultivate and which ones they should skip

The authorities monitor the soil on a regular basis

One in every 3 years, they will provide a report to farmers

So, farmers need not worry if the nature of the soil changes due to certain factors

Also, they will always have updated data about their soil

Farmers get a proper soil health record, thanks to the Soil Health Card Scheme.

Also, they can study the soil management practices

Accordingly, they can plan the future of their crops

The soil card will give the farmers a proper idea of which nutrients their soil is lacking

And hence, which crops they should invest in

The main aim behind the scheme was to find out the type of particular soil and then provide ways in which we can improve it.

Further reading

http://www.wikipedia.com

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