Sapota : Climate & Soil requirement
what are climatic conditions suitable for Sapota cultivation?
Sapota belongs to tropical climatic
It prefers a warm and moist weather
Coastal climate is the best suited for growth of Sapota
It can be grown in humid areas having a relative humidity of 70 percent and more
The optimum temperature is between 11°C and 38°C.
Higher temperatures (above 43˚C) lead to flower drop
It can be grown from sea level upto 1200 m
Areas with an annual rainfall of 1250-2500 mm are highly suitable.
what type of soils can be used for Sapota cultivation?
Sapota being a hardy tree can be grown on a wide range of soils
Soil should be well drained without any hard pan
Deep and porous soils are preferred
The most ideal soils are deep alluvium, sandy loams, red laterites and medium black soil
It can tolerate the presence of salts in the soil and irrigation water to a certain extent
Soil having pH 6.0-8.0 is optimum for sapota farming.
Avoid cultivation in shallow clayey soil
Soils having high calcium content are not suitable for Sapota cultivation