Hi…i am an avid reader and love to travel…i am posting some important features of Australian agriculture which i have read from Nation’s encyclopedia
Due to the large arable land Australia has become a leading world exporter of grains, meats, and wool. Both grains (predominantly wheat and barley)
Wool markets around the world are dominated by Australian exports
Only about 6 percent of Australia is suitable for crops and 60 percent of the land area is suitable for cattle grazing.
Agriculture contributes roughly 3 percent of the GDP and employs about 4 percent of the total workforce directly
While the sector’s contribution to the GDP is small, raw and unprocessed agricultural commodities contribute about a quarter of Australia’s total export earnings each year
The main agricultural crops grown in Australia are wheat, coarse grains (barley, oats, sorghum, maize, and triticale), rice, oilseeds (canola, sunflowers, soybeans, and peanuts), grain legumes (lupins and chick peas), sugarcane, cotton, fruits, grapes, tobacco, and vegetables
The main livestock production is in sheep (wool and lamb), beef, pork, poultry, and dairy products
Exports account for over 90 percent of wool and cotton production, nearly 80 percent of wheat, over 50 percent of barley and rice, over 40 percent of beef and grain legumes, over 30 percent of dairy products, and nearly 20 percent of fruit production
The traditional large farm system of wheat and sheep production is spread fairly uniformly between parts of New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, and Western Australia
Queensland, New South Wales, and Victoria produce the majority of beef, and New South Wales has the largest and most numerous poultry farms
Sugarcane and large-scale vegetable production occurs almost entirely in the tropical state of Queensland, while cotton is produced in both New South Wales and Queensland.
Tropical fruits, such as mangoes and bananas, are grown in parts of New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia, and the Northern Territory.
In general, Australian farming is characterized by large scale, highly mechanized and efficient operations, one of the key reasons why only a small percentage of the workforce is employed in this sector
In the past, the agricultural sector carried considerable political weight, being represented by the Labor and National political parties.
Currently, there is increasing political pressure from urban residents to remove most subsidies and other forms of protection given to farmers
Australian farmers already do not receive many of the subsidies given to farmers in the United states
Australia is a very nice country. And sparsely populated one. I am sharing a few snapshots form austtalian govt website which describes Australian agriculture features…
Australia exports around two-thirds of the total value of agriculture, fisheries and forestry production.
The value of agriculture, forestry and fisheries exports has grown over the last 20 years.
Meat and live animals have been growing 79 per cent in value over the 20 years to 2017–18, followed by forest products – up by 53 per cent and fruit and vegetables up by 52 per cent
proportion of primary products than our traditional competitors such as the US and EU
Export intensities for various crops in Australia was around 98 per cent for wool and cotton, 71 per cent for wheat, 76 per cent for beef, 41 per cent for dairy and 18 per cent for horticultural products, over the three years to 2016–17
Asia is the fastest growing export region for the Australian agriculture, fisheries and forestry sectors
Australian farmers have a number of effective strategies for managing risk, including maintaining relatively high levels of equity, liquid assets and borrowing capacity, using inputs conservatively, diversifying across enterprises and locations and earning off-farm income