Insecticide Poisoning | Agristudent.com

What is insecticide poisoning?

The interference of insecticide with human bodily functions after it accidentally enters body is called Insecticide Poisoning

Poisoning can be mild, moderate and severe

Disclaimer

Readers may Please note that this article contains indicative information and not comprehensive. Doctor’s advise is a must in all cases. Do not blindly follow the antidotes and first aids given in this article without consulting the doctor

What are Symptoms of mild poisoning?

1. Headache

2. A feeling Of Sickness (nausea)

3. Dizziness

4. Fatigue

5. Irritation of the Skin, Eyes, Nose And Throat,

6. Perspiration

7. Loss of Appetite

What are the Symptoms of moderate poisoning?

1. Vomiting,

2. Blurred vision,

3. Stomach cramps,

4. Rapid pulse,

5. Difficulty in breathing, constricted pupils of the eyes,

6. Excessive precipitation,

7. Trembling and twitching of muscles, fatigue and nervous distress headache

What are the Symptoms of severe poisoning?

1. Convulsions

2. Respiratory failure

3. Loss of consciousness

4. Loss of pulse

What are the Symptoms due to Chlorinated hydrocarbons poisoning?

1. Uneasiness

2. Headache

3. Nausea

4. Vomiting

5. Dizziness and tremors

6. Convulsions

7. Respiratory arrest followed by coma

8. Leucocytosis and rise in blood pressure.

What are the Symptoms due to organophosphate and carbamate insecticides poisoning?

1. Headache, giddiness, vertigo, weakness, excessive mucous discharge from nose
and sense of tightness are symptoms of inhaled exposures.

2. Nausea followed by vomiting, abdominal contraction, diarrhea and salivations are
symptoms of ingestion.

3. Loss of muscle coordination, speech defects; twitching of muscles; difficulty in
breathing; hypertension; jerky movements; convulsions and coma indicate
seriousness of poisoning.

4. Death may occur due to depressions of respiratory centre

5. Headache, giddiness, vertigo, weakness, excessive mucous discharge from nose
and sense of tightness are symptoms of inhaled exposures.

6. Nausea followed by vomiting, abdominal contraction, diarrhea and salivations are
symptoms of ingestion.

7. Loss of muscle coordination, speech defects; twitching of muscles; difficulty in
breathing; hypertension; jerky movements; convulsions and coma indicate
seriousness of poisoning.

8. Death may occur due to depressions of respiratory centre

What are symptoms of Zinc phosphide poisoning?

1. Nausea

2. Vomiting

3. Diarrhea

4. Severe abdominal pain followed by

symptom free period of eight hours or longer

What are the symptoms of Alluminium phosphide poisoning?

1. Headache

2. Giddiness

3. Nausea

4. Diarrhea and mental confusion

5. If treatment is delayed, coma, loss of reflexes may develop and death may occur from respiratory or circulatory collapse

First Aid Operations

Many accidental pesticide deaths are caused by eating or drinking the chemical

Some applicators die or are injured when they breathe pesticide vapors or get pesticides on their skin.

Repeated exposure to small amounts of some pesticides can cause sudden, severe illness.

All pesticide handlers should know and thoroughly understand first aid treatment for pesticide poisoning.

Call local emergency response provider and local emergency medical facility immediately and

1. Remove patient to fresh air

2. Loosen all knots of clothes and change overalls.

3. Flush eyes with copious cold water till irritation subsides

4. Wash the patient thoroughly with plenty of soap and water.

5. Keep the patient calm, comfortable and warm.

6. In case of accidental ingestion, induce vomiting by administering a glass of
warm water mixed with two spoons of common salt or putting the forefinger at
the base of plate.

7. Show label leaflet of pesticide for identification

8. If breathing is stopped provide artificial breathing.

First aid care for cases of Swallowed poisoning

1. Remove poison from the patient’s stomach immediately by inducing vomiting.

2. Give common salt 15 g in a glass of warm water as anemetic and repeat until vomit fluids is clear.

3. Gently stroking or touching the throat with the finger or the blunt end of a spoon will aid in inducing vomiting when the stomach is full of fluid

4. If the patient is already vomiting, do not give emetic but give large amounts of warm water and then follow the specific directions suggested for Inhaled poisons

1. Carry the patient to fresh air immediately,

2. Open all doors and windows.

3. Loosen all tight clothing.

4. Apply artificial respiration if breathing has stopped or is irregular and avoid
vigorous application of pressure to the chest.

5. Prevent chilling and wrap the patient in a blanket.

6. Keep the patient as quiet as possible.

7. If the patient is convulsing, keep him in bed in some dark room.

8. Do not give alcohol in any form.

First aid care in cases of Skin contamination:

1. Drench the skin with water.

2. Apply a stream of water on the skin while removing clothing.

3. Rapid washing is most important for reducing the extent of injury

First aid in cases of Eye contamination

1. Hold eye lids open

2. Wash the eyes gently with a stream of running water immediately

3. Delay of even a few second greatly increase the extent of injury

4. Continue washing until physician reaches

5. Do not use chemicals as they may increase the extent of injury.

Antidotes

General antidotes

1. Remove poison by inducing vomiting

2. Universal Antidote: It is a mixture of 7 g of activated charcoal, 3.5 g of
magnesium oxide and 3.5 g of tannic acid in half a glass of warm water may be used to absorb or neutralize poisons. Except in cases of poisoning by corrosive substances, it should be fallowed by gastric lavage.

3. Removal of stomach contents (Gastric lavage.)

4. Demulcents : After removal of stomach contents as completely as possible, one of the following may be given

1. Raw egg white mixed with water

2. Gelatine 9 g to 18 g dissolved in 570 ml of warm water

3. Butter

4. Cream

5. Milk or Mashed potato

Specific antidotes

1. Atropine is the usual antidote for organophosphate and carbamate poisoning. It can be given orally and in severe cases, injections are given. Repeated injections may be required.

2. 2 PAM: It is injected intravenously as an antidote in organophosphate poisoning. It should not be used in case of carbamate poisoning

3. Calcium gluconate is recommended as an antidote for some organochlorine
insecticides

4. Vitamin K is the preferred antidote for anticoagulant poisoning such as warfarin.

5. Dimercaprol (BAL) is recommended for arsenic poison

Source

B Sc. Agri Notes of ANGRAU, Hyderabad

 

Author: agristudent

Team Agristudent is a young and dynamic team of Agriculture specialists who have acquired specialised knowledge in their respective subjects. Their mission is to create a unique online encyclopedia of agriculture, which can be useful to millions around the world as an online reference library

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