Coriander Cultivation |



What is Coriander?

Coriander is a minor seed spice having botanical name Coriandrum satuvum

It is commonly used spice in apmost all kitchens in India and belongs to family Apiaceae

Coriander is cultivated both for seed and leaves

Origin of coriander is believed to be Medirerranean region

What are the climatic and soil requirements for coriander cultivation?


It can be grown under tropical and subtropical conditions

It requires cool climate in early stages and warm dry weather at maturity

It needs dry and cool weather free from rains at flowering and fruit setting stage

Heavy rains effect the crop


Well drained soils, moisture retentive, humus rich soils are essential

It can be grown in sandy loams to heavy black cotton soils

Heavy Black cotton soils of Deccan and South India are particularly suited

What are the popular varieties of coriander?

Lam CS 2 – Sindhu: It is a medium tall variety – more branching – seeds are straw coloured. It withstands pests and diseases – It yields about 1300 to 1400 kg per ha. The duration of the crops is about 105-110 days.

Lam CS 4 – Sadhana: It is fairly tall – good branching – seeds are straw coloured. It withstands pests and diseases – it is a dual purpose – it yields about 1400 to 1500 kg per ha – the duration is about 115 – 120 days

Lam CS 6 – Swathi: It is a medium tall variety. Much branching. Seeds are straw coloured. It is an early and short duration variety. It yields about 800 to 1200 kg per ha. It has a duration of about 80 -85 days. It escapes Powdery Mildew disease

Lam CS 7: It was developed as a selection from North India – It is a dwarf plant with more leaves.

How to do land preparation for coriander cultivation?

For rain fed crop,  plough the field 3-4 times

For irrigated crop, plough thebfield twice or thrice

After ploughing is complete, the land is laid out into beds and channels

What is the Season of planting, sed rate etc. for coriander cultivation?

For leaf purpose the crop is grown throughout the year (except March- May)

For grain purpose the crop is grown during rabi season

Some times it is grown as a mixed crop in cotton and pulses

i) Sowing time

for rabi crop mid October to middle of the November

For Kharif crop June-July to August – September

ii) Seed rate

it needs 12-15 kg per ha

Crush or trample the seeds gently to separate pericarps

Soak the seeds in water fro 12- 21 hours

Treat with Thiram @ 2 g per kg seed

Shade dry before sowing

iii) Method of sowing

Broadcast sown for rainfed crop

A spacing of 3-40 cm x 15 cm is adopted for an irrigated crop

Germination starts within 10-15 days and will be over by 30 days

How to give Irrigation and fertilization for coriander crop?


A post sowing irrigation is to provided.

Afterwards, the crop has to irrigated at Two leaf stage, at branching stage, at flowering stage and at seed filling stage


On fertile Black Cotton soils, it is not generally manured

10-15 tonnes FYM; 20-30 kg N; 40 kg P2O5; 20 kg K2O per ha is given as basal dose.20-30 kg Nitrogen is given at flowering under irrigated conditions

What are Intercultual operations done in  coriander crop?

Maintain weed free conditions during first 30 days

First weeding is done within 30 days after sowing. Second weeding is done before the rows close up

Inter cultivate twice with a cultivator at monthly interval

How is Harvesting of coriander done?

The crop will be ready for harvest in 80-120 days

Kharif crops comes to harvest earlier than Rabi

Maturity indices

Green colour turn to straw coloured. If harvesting is delayed – seeds shattered, fruits splitted

Plants are cut or pulled

Tied in bundles

Piled in shade for drying to avoid grain shattering and loss of essential oil. After 2-3 days of shade drying, the grain is threshed, winnowed and sundried

The moisture content is reduced from 2 to 6 per cent

The cleaned, dried produce is stored in gunny bags lined with white polythene

Further readings and references

handbook of horticulture



Author: agristudent

Team Agristudent is a young and dynamic team of Agriculture specialists who have acquired specialised knowledge in their respective subjects. Their mission is to create a unique online encyclopedia of agriculture, which can be useful to millions around the world as an online reference library

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